The Stones of which granite, marble, bluestone, limestone, and flagstone pavers are made naturally exist in the earth and have been formed over millions of years. Such natural stones as those mentioned above are extracted from plentiful deposits worldwide called “quarries”.
Furthermore, these quarrying procedures incur higher acquisition costs because of the long process to mine these stones.
It is impossible to deny the rare natural beauty and appealing characteristics that these different natural stones possess. However it is for this reason, combined with their strength, durability, and density attributes, that some stone pavers have been limited in some applications. On the other hand, some stone pavers are unlimited in their landscape applications both commercial and residential.
Nevertheless, although most suited for light foot traffic areas, stone pavers have been utilized in both interior and exterior applications because of their decorative value. The availability of the range of shapes, sizes, and colors offered have further enhanced the use of stone pavers in modernizing or adding ‘old charm’ to a desired area. Some applications include driveways, patios, walkways, pool decks, fireplaces and bathrooms.
Available Finishes for Natural Stone Pavers:
POLISHED: The polished finish creates a shiny gloss to the stone paver in which color and gemstone becomes evident to the eye.
HONED: Unlike a polished finish, the honed finished brings out the complete color of the stone, without a shiny mirror-glass finish.
FLAMED: Involves discharging high temperature & high-speed flame on the stone surface in order to achieve a jagged and uneven shape without sharp edges. The color produced will be less intense and more toned down than the original color.
THERMAL: By applying a high-temperature flame to the stone’s surface, a rough finish is created through a process in which the flames rupture crystals on the outer face. This type of finish is most suitable for walkways and pool decks due to its high skid-resistant element.
Natural Stone Paver Shapes:
Stone paver shapes come in a variety of sizes and shapes. Moreover, this has added to the diverse range of paver patterns to choose from when installing these natural stones. The creation of an aesthetically pleasing effect on driveways, walkways and patios arises because of the natural crystalline effect of marble and granite pavers. Meanwhile other stone pavers such as porphyry are useful for pool decks because they are salt water resistant and immune to discoloration.
The two most common shapes for stone pavers are square or rectangular-based. The combination of these two shapes creates commonly used patterns such as herringbone, basket weave, or running bond.
Half-course or Full-course squares are important stone paver shapes. The reason being is that they enable the combination of two different shaped stone pavers to interlock in a unique pattern. This is referred to as ‘cobble lock’.
More complex shapes such as Hexagonal, Diamond or Marquise have also aided the design flexibility and natural effect that stone pavers can have on a designated area once installed. The beauty is that these shapes allow stone pavers to be arranged in various sequences and also into different patterns when combined with other various shaped stone pavers.