How to Install Antique Pavers?


Antique Pavers are a very unique paver that has been around for centuries  and continues to be a popular paving choice. They offer many natural qualities that other artificial pavers don’tsuch as durability and longevity. Their soft texture, rustic and old world feel make them the perfect choice for any application.

Step-by-Step Installation Guide

The Plan and Design

This is the starting point when installing antique pavers. If you are seeking a professional’s advice they will normally draw up a plan for the area of application. A plan will contain information such as where the pavers will be laid, which type of application, and what laying rough estimate pattern you have chosen.

This will also be the right time to decide on the right type of design you are after. Planning will give you an idea as to what the finished look will be.


First, you should make mark outs of the area you will be excavating. Using either string or spray paint just simply mark out the area then begin excavating using either a shovel for smaller areas, or hiring heavy machinery to do the job for larger areas.

The site should be at least 4 to 8 inches deep.

Note: It is advisable to contact your nearest councils as to seek information on underlying cables, water pipes and sewage drains.

Preparing the Base Materials

Antique pavers are normally installed onto beds of sand, cement or crushed limestone. Start to prepare the base by adding the chosen material onto the excavated site. Making sure that the base material is spread out evenly. To check if it is a flat smooth surface you can run a level over the top.


The most important part of the installation is the compaction. Compaction is required for the installation of antique pavers because the compacting machine ensures a level, flat and even surface, ensuring that it will be a long lasting pavement.

Run the compactor over the area starting in small areas.

Note: Hiring a compactor is the best choice.

Apply the 2nd Base

Sand or cement can now be added onto the compacted base material starting in small loads. Once this is done level the area, ensuring you will achieve a leveled surface.

Note: For driveways and slopped installations a thicker base and second base material is needed to level with the sloped area.

Laying the Antique Pavers

You begin laying the antique pavers one by one in the laying pattern you have chosen. Start in a far corner and work your way back. If you are paving in straight lines use a string to help guide you to achieving straight lines.

Note: Most manufactures offer their customers a laying pattern grid that will help you immensely.

Cutting of the Pavers

Once the paved area is near completion the edging pavers will need to be cut to the right size. Using a masonry saw with a wet blade cut the pavers to size.

Note: Using a marker to color the pavers where it needs to be cut makes this process simple.

Installing Edge Restraints

The edge restraints play a vital part. Their role is to keep the antique pavers from shifting and moving for their original spot.

Note: Seek professional advice as to which edge restraints are the most suited for your antique paved area.

Compaction and Filling in the Gaps

You can then begin to use the compactor over the paved area. This will ensure they are all evenly laid out. It will also help bind the pavers and base together.

Once the area is swept free of all dirt and grime you can then begin to fill in the gaps. The two main products that are used for antique pavers are sand and mortar. If using sand, simply sweep it over the paved surface several times to make certain that the gaps are filled completely.

Our information:

Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd
Add:Xidong Industrial Zone, Shijing Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province,China



Pavers and Their Applications
Pavers are most often used for the outdoors. The most common places where pavers are used are as follows:

Pool areas
Recreational Parks
Outside Shopping Centers
Pedestrian Crossings
Just to name a few.

The benefits of pavers are the large variety of patterns, colors, and shapes that are available for your selection. They can enhance and add beauty to the area where you have decided to have the pavers laid.

The array patterns that can be used for your pavers’ installation, is largely dependant on the size and shape of the pavers you have selected.


The most popular laying patterns are herringbone, basket weave, diamond, parquet, and running bond. You can also create your own patterns and designs by placing the pavers in the position and format of your choice.

Laying the Herringbone Pattern

This classic and traditional laying pattern can be most difficult to lay for first timers. There may be a lot of paver cutting involved, particularly around the edges. This pattern is laid by placing two pavers at a 90 degree angle, forming the shape of the letter ‘L’. So when you look at the pattern it just looks like a sea of the letter L’s. This pattern is very similar to a zigzag affect, and can be laid in 90 degree or 45 degree patterns.

Laying the Basket Weave Pattern

This pattern is made up of two pavers adjacent or side by side at a 90 degree angle and another two pavers side by side at a 45 degree angle. This laying pattern does not require the cutting of pavers.

Laying the Running Bond Pattern

Running bond is the most popular and least difficult pattern to lay. To start on your project, lay one row of pavers side by side to each other from one end to another and continue this process row by row till the area is completed. To keep in a straight line you may use string to guide you while you pave each row.

After The Pattern Is Laid......

Once you have completed laying the pavers in the pattern of your choice, you can then apply a mixture of dry sand, and dry cement onto the paved area.

Then using a broom sweep the mixture evenly across the pavers, ensuring that all cracks and joints are filled and covered.

Once this process has been completed you can then apply water throughout the paved area also ensuring that all cracks and joints are completely filled.

About us:

Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd
Add:Xidong Industrial Zone, Shijing Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province,China


How to Install Patio Pavers

Extend Outdoor Living

Patios are a great way to extend outdoor living spaces for many types of applications and settings. A large number of residential applications feature a patio for its functional and decorative values which creates an outdoor area to relax or entertain all year round. The ground surface of patios is an important structural feature which hence provides a safe ground surface with additional enhancement.

There are many wonderful patio pavers to choose from that are available in several shapes, a wide variety of colors and textures, various sizes and various paver thickness's. As for the paving patterns, there are also many patterns to choose from that creates a beautiful patio floor. To install patio pavers, you don’t have to be a professional, as they are easy to install as long as you have the correct information.

Tips To Determine The Size Of the Patio

Once you have decided that you want a patio structure and you have opted to install patio pavers yourself, the following are some handy tips that will help you determine the size of the patio to meet your personal requirements. Pending on the area size, how big do you want the patio area to be? Do you want have lounge chairs? Do you want an outdoor dinning setting? Do you want hammocks? Do you want a barbecue set up in the patio?

You can choose a few options if it’s a large area. Measure the area in width and length and take the measurements to the landscape retailer. There are also other materials that are required such as gravel, sand and edging products, purchase these materials according to patio floor area.

How To Install Patio Pavers On Dirt Ground Surface?

The following are some basic tips on how to install patio pavers on dirt ground surfaces. One very important point before you excavate the area, is to ask your local utility provider and make sure there are no underground electrical, plumbing or gas lines. It is also a good idea to seek professional advice before embarking on a DIY project.

Draw a plan which creates a diagram to work from
Put up stakes with string to the patio size perimeter, or spray paint the marked out area
Excavate the area to depth of 6 to 8 inches make sure its level to the scope{ the depth will also be determined according to the actual paver thickness you have chosen
Remove all debris and compact the ground
Apply one inch of crushed gravel make sure its evenly spread, compact gravel
Apply one inch of sand and spread it out evenly with a leveler or straight timber plank
Apply the edging material to the outer perimeter line of the size
Start to install the patio pavers at the corner of the top end or if the patio is close to structural buildings, start at that end, by placing the paver on top of the sand and use a rubber hammer tap in gently
When placing the next paver, you must leave a gap of one eight of an inch, and continue with the laying pattern you have chosen. Continue with this process until the entire patio surface is paved
Once you are satisfied that the patio pavers are installed properly and are level, use a compactor and go over the entire paved
Apply sand to the entire paved area and make sure all of the paver gaps are filled to the top
Once all of the gaps are filled properly, use a broom and remove any access sand
Allow a few days for the patio pavers to settle before you apply a sealer
Before you apply a sealer, remove any debris and make sure the patio pavement is clean. Apply sealer and make sure the entire pavement is sealed. Once the first coat of sealer is dry, you can apply the second coat.

contact us:

Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd
Add:Xidong Industrial Zone, Shijing Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province,China


A Guide to Installing Porphyry Pavers

Below are guidelines to installing Porphyry Pavers using a sand set method. The preparation of the foundation is the most important element in the success of the installation. The foundation forms the strength and durability of the Porphyry Pavers application.

Porphyry Natural Stone Paver Installation

1. To maintain a solid sand set installation, a soldier course is recommended.

A soldier course is a solid frame or edging which holds the pavers in firmly. It can be in the form of an existing wall, or a cement or stone frame.

2. The foundation is then laid within the frame, or soldier course. The foundation consists of 6-8 inches of crushed stone base material, which is compacted firmly using a plate compactor. The next layer of the foundation is the sand bed, which consists of 2-3 inches of course sand. At the top there should be enough depth to cater for the pavers.
3. Porphyry Pavers are available in the form of tiles or cubes for paving. They come in varying lengths and thicknesses. The thicker the Porphyry Pavers, the more heavy duty they become. So if you’re using them for your patio, the thinnest cubes will be suitable.

4. Set your grading levels at approximately ¼”drop per foot, using string. The string also helps with the alignment of the pavers.

5. Start to place Pavers in the sand bedding, tapping them in firmly. Check for the alignment and level constantly. Remove any uneven pavers, adding or removing sand, and replacing the pavers, to achieve the correct level. With natural stone, screeding is not necessary.

6. It is now time for the joints to be filled. You can sweep sand over the surface, filling the joints. Or you may perhaps use a dry mortar set, consisting of a dry mix of cement and sand, which is also swept over the surface.

7. Use a plate compactor to set the porphyry pavers into the sand firmly.

8. If you chose to use a dry mortar set, then soak the joints with water.

9. Finally, clean the area of excess grout and sand, and sponge over the pavers for extra a clean surface.

About us:

Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd
Add:Xidong Industrial Zone, Shijing Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province,China


The Installation of Granite Pavers for Pool decks, Walkways, Driveways and Patios

The rare beauty and endless variety of granite paver colors, shapes and patterns has modernized many homes. Most of these home improvements were in the achieved using aesthetically pleasing designs for walkways, patios, driveways, pool decks and many other interior and exterior applications.

A key advantage of granite pavers is the simple installation procedure applicable when creating indoor or outdoor areas. There is a basic guide to be followed when installing granite pavers. You can have them installed professionally, or install them yourself.

The beauty of pavers will enhance the look of pool decks, patios, walkways, or driveways. For people with budget restraints, it would be cheaper to install granite pavers themselves if there are capable of following the installation guide:

Planning and Layout
Calculating the amount of pavers to be used.
Base preparation
Edge Restraints
Sand Bedding
Installation of Pavers
Compacting joints

A detailed step-by-step analysis of installing granite pavers:

PLANNING AND LAYOUT: This involves deciding which shape, color and pattern of granite pavers will be adopted in paving the driveway, patio or walkway. Furthermore, a detailed sketch of the overall area is imperative in determining product quantities and a budget forecast.

It is imperative for the driveway or patio to have a gradient slope to prevent pools of water from forming.

CALCULATING THE AMOUNT OF PAVERS TO BE USED: By multiplying the length of the area by the width of the area (Length x width), the total size of the area will be determined in square meters. It is important to note that when ordering the amount of pavers, an extra 5-10 % should be allocated for cutting and replacement if damaged in the future.

EXCAVATION: Excavating removes the top layer of soil and prepares for the positioning of a gravel-base. However before commencing any excavation, it would be wise to have a local utility company check that there are no cables or wires running under the ground that is to be excavated. Once this has been done, the area to be excavated should be marked out.

The second step is to excavate the least required depth depending on your application. Generally speaking, walkways must have a minimum area of at least 3 inches excavated wider for the area, whilst driveways need a minimum of 6 inches when using granite pavers.
BASE PREPARATION: The base preparation is the most vital step in the whole installation process. To ensure a life-long installation, it is most important to make sure that the base material, thickness and compaction are appropriately adapted to the application using a vibrating gas powered plate compactor.

Hence you must ensure that the crushed stone or gravel varies in size and shape. This will aid compaction of the base material. In Addition it is recommended that the base material comprise of three-quarter quarry process.

EDGE RESTRAINTS: The next step is to place the borders for the chosen design layout. Implementing edge restraints ensures no separation or movement of the granite pavers. The edging is arranged directly on top of the quarry process base and fixed firmly with 10 inch steel spikes. For walkways and patios, use 1 spike for every two feet. Meanwhile for driveways, one spike should be used per foot.

SAND BEDDING: Setting a bed of concrete sand or granite stone dust can now be spread on top of the compacted base. Sand bedding protects the erosion of sand joints and provides bedding for your granite pavers to settle into nicely. The first step in sand bedding is to spread a layer of sand between 1 - 1.5 inches thick. Secondly, use a screening board to level the sand evenly.        

INSTALLATION OF PAVERS: We are now up to the easiest part, laying the pavers. Firstly, set the pavers down in the desired pattern whilst making sure that the granite pavers are close to each other. Once this has been done, use a mechanical compactor to help set the pavers into the sand bedding.

COMPACTING JOINTS: The final step is to spread and sweep sand over the surface in order to fill up the joints. The most useful method is vibrating with a plate compactor as this drives the sand between the joints and thus levels out the final surface. It is necessary to sweep over the surface routinely.

More information about us:

Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd
Add:Xidong Industrial Zone, Shijing Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province,China



Each type of permeable paving material has its advantages and disadvantages. In terms of cost, gravel is the least expensive. However, it requires frequent maintenance and renewal, which over time, adds up to a higher cost for materials and labor. Permeable concrete and asphalt are next in terms of expense, and studies have shown that these materials are prone to clogging, negating their effectiveness. A study conducted by the Metropolitan Engineer’s Council in Denver, CO, showed a complete failure of permeable concrete under freeze-thaw conditions. Due to pervious pavement issues with clogging and vulnerability to freezethaw, the material is not ideal for all situations or climates. In fact, some cities have removed pervious asphalt and concrete pavement because of the problems with clogging and continued maintenance.

Another option for permeable paving is brick, concrete or stone pavers with permeable joints. The permeability and water-flow-through rate is dependent on the porosity of the material in the joints, the size of the joints and the entire substrate design. The joint material should adequately allow the passage of water to quickly drain, possess structural capability to withstand traffic loads and provide horizontal stability to the paving surface. Permeable pavers have the ability to infiltrate rapidly compared to most soils and a conservative approach should be taken in designing the system.

Natural stone materials, such as Porphyry, have been used for centuries throughout the world and have proven to be an excellent choice offering beauty, longevity and low maintenance. Natural stone life cycles are measured in decades with studies showing typical minimum of 60 years. Granites such as Porphyry last for centuries. Porphyry is extremely dense with a porosity of less than .6%. Using it in a permeable setting system requires the same pervious materials for the joints and attention to the details of the substrate discussed earlier, but offers an unparalleled surface for durability, low maintenance and overall functionality. The natural surface also meets the American Disability Act (ADA) for slip resistance and smoothness and is inert to chemicals.


It is beneficial for all landscape contractors to educate themselveson the art of permeable paving. With the rising popularity of segmental pavers, such as Porphyry, and the ecological benefits of permeable paving, it is likely that the demand for segmental permeable paving will continue to increase in the future. Cities such as Chicago, Boston and Detroit have started initiatives to “Green” their cities by installing permeable paving for storm water management. Other cities have allowed property owners to use more of the land area by shrinking or eliminating retention ponds if permeable paving is used on the property. It is necessary for a landscape contractor to have an understanding about the different types of permeable paving options available to fit their customers’ specific projects and capitalize on the growing number of Green initiatives in their markets. No matter the decision on the materials, it is essential for landscape architects and designers to fully understand the intricacies of permeable paving and different options available.

Our information:

Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd
Add:Xidong Industrial Zone, Shijing Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province,China


Porphyry's Advantages

The Romans were the first to create specifications for their roads using layers of various sized aggregate topped with a course sand for leveling the final layer of stone. Today this method has become an important component of modern pavement systems.
In order for a surface to be permeable, it must have openings to allow water to penetrate the surface. In segmental or unit paving like stone, the joints are what make the surface permeable. The effect of any surface’s permeability is squandered if the substrate is not designed to accept or manage the movement of the water, thus defeating the purpose and benefits of a permeable surface. The substrate design should be based on the soil’s ability to infiltrate the water. The most common design is for full infiltration of the soil. In this design water drains through the paver joints and the designed sub-base made up of stone crushers, directly into the soil.Overflow is managed by surrounding drainage swales, retention areas or sewers. Other designs are based on a deeper sub-base with larger retention areas that hold water for as long as necessary to allow percolation into the sub soils. Soils without the ability to drain require an impermeable liner on the bottom and sides with drainage pipes directing the water in a controlled manner into sewers and streams.

While there are many benefits to permeable paving, the primary benefit is to effectively reduce and manage the quantity of surface water runoff. Water is able to penetrate the surface and naturally filter back into the aquifers in the ground, preventing some pollutants from reaching the aquifer. The joint material should adequately allow the passage of water to quickly drain, possess the structural capability to withstand traffic loads, and provide horizontal stability to the paving surface.

Using stone as a resource in modern construction, we must consider its durability. Paving stone can often be recycled and reused for the same purpose over and over for centuries without the need to be reprocessed.

Porphyry is different from other granites in that as it cooled from a molten state, it split in both vertical and horizontal fissures due to seismic activity. As a result, Porphyry has an even yet textured surface, and due to the hardness of the minerals it contains, porphyry pavers do not become smooth from wear or slippery when wet. Porphyry is an excellent choice for paving outdoor surfaces as it is unaffected by freezing and thawing and highly resistant to chemicals. It is ideal for commercial and residential use because of its durability. This natural stone is aesthetically beautiful and compatible with a wide variety of architectural styles.

Increased concern for safety and durability has led to the adoption of protective surfaces which are easy to repair, have minimal installation and maintenance costs, and offer an economic solution because of its long life cycle. The excellent condition of the many roads and squares throughout the world paved with Porphyry centuries ago is a testament to its low maintenance and long life.

Contact us:

Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd
Add:Xidong Industrial Zone, Shijing Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province,China


Porphyry's Green Attributes


Porphyry is a type of volcanic, igneous rock which, along with granite and other rock formations, makeup approximately 95 percent of the worlds “crust.” These rocks are the result of intense volcanic activity begun over 260 million years ago. Highly valued for its appearance, Porphyry natural stone pavers have been used for paving since ancient times. Many of these roads, plazas, and walkways are still used today.

When set on properly prepared aggregate sub-base, Porphyry pavers will last hundreds, and even thousands of years. It is a material with a long lifespan that requires very little maintenance and infrequent repairs. Increasingly, conventional paving solutions are not meeting changing standards and expectations. Many are short term solutions which require environmentally unfriendly processes that require maintenance, constant resurfacing and often replacement within a few years of installation creating greater costs over time. Life cost analysis show the strong value and sustainability that Porphyry pavers provide.


Porphyry is unique in the granite family. As the formation of magma cooled, seismic activity occurred, causing splits and creating layers of flagging in various thicknesses.

The stone is extracted from the quarry face using explosives. A series of small explosives are placed at the base of the formation. The blast loosens the stone layers, causing the stone to fall. Porphyry is extracted with greater ease than other stones.

The porphyry is sorted and reduced to dimensions which can be dealt with by the quarry workers who sort the material. Using mallets and wedges, slabs of variable sizes and thicknesses are obtained from the blocks. The slabs are sorted based on thickness, size and shape. The slabs are then taken to the cutting area to be snap cut or sawn into various widths and lengths. The cut pavers are stacked on pallets for shipping.

The quarrying process produces pavers using a minimal amount of energy. Monolithic granite formations require the stone to be sawn - using power to run the saws and water to lubricate and cool the blades. Granite pavers must then be processed on all sides to make them suitable for use - using more power and water. Porphyry is only shaped on its edge dimensions, reducing the amount of energy used.

Our information:
Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd
Add:Xidong Industrial Zone, Shijing Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province,China


Laying Methods – Ridged

Laying Methods – Ridged:

It is always recommended to use a qualified experienced trades person for this installation method.

The concrete where the pavers are to be laid is to be cleaned and dampened.

The slurry mix is to be applied to the concrete where the mortar is to be placed in an even coat (1-2mm thick).
Place the mortar mix on the concrete and the paste for the paver to be laid on. The mortar bed should be 20mm thick with no voids and evenly spread.
Remove all loose material from the back of the paver before laying.
The back of the paving stone should have the slurry mix applied to it in an even coating 1-2mm thick.
Place the paving stone into position gently tapping down with a rubber mallet. (It is recommended to use a white rubber mallet to avoid marking the product). It is important to ensure that there are no air voids under the product as this may cause the adhesion of the pavers to fail or the product may not be fully supported.
Tap the paving stone down to the desired level.
Trowel fill any voids around the product and remove any excess mortar and discard it.
Remove all excess material from the surface of the paving stone using a clean sponge with clean water. It is important to work as cleanly as possible to avoid marking the product.
Do not spread too much mortar as it may begin to dry before you have laid the paving stone. Work in smaller controlled areas.
Note: Stone Pavers (500mm and above) are NOT to be laid on a sand bed only.
Grouting Compound:

It is recommended to use a high-grade pre-bagged grouting compound that is suitable for the application. It should cater for Grout joints of between 7-10mm. Stone provides tinters in the full colour range if you would like to tint your grout colour to match the paving material.


Please note that the above laying suggestions do not apply when installing Stone Pavers 20mm cladding tile. This product should be treated as a tile and laid accordingly using an appropriate tile adhesive product. This product has been designed to be used on vertical surfaces only and not on a horizontal surface.


All Stone products can be sealed. It is recommended to use a penetrating sealer. This will help protect the pavers from oil-based stains. For further information about the appropriate sealer contact your nearest Stone distributor.


Stone Pavers should be cleaned when grouting material has cured. This clean will enable any grouting residue to be removed.

Wet the area you wish to clean down.
Apply acid water mix (20 parts water to 1 part Hydrochloric acid)
Gently agitate surface with a stiff broom or scrubber.
Wash surface thoroughly
Note: It is recommended to work small areas at a time (3-4 square meters) and thoroughly wash as you go. It is important to have a well wet down surface before you apply the cleaning mix. Never apply acid mix to dry pavers.

It is also recommended that all appropriate safety protection be worn while handling the acid. Remember to always add acid to water.

Our information:

Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd
Add:Xidong Industrial Zone, Shijing Town, Nan'an City, Fujian Province,China