Introduction to Granite Material
Granite is famous for its strength, hardness and eternity. Building materials made from granite have a reputation for being virtually indestructible. That is why granite pavers can provide a long-term solution for anyone who wants their pavement to last for many decades and beyond.
The origin of the word granite is derived from the Latin word, meaning ‘grain’.
Granite is a natural rock. The three main minerals composing granite are mica, feldspar and quartz. It is formed by the crystallization of magma within the crust of the earth, creating a grainy texture.
The density of granite is 2700 kg/m3, its hardness is 7 by Moh’s scale and has a compressive strength between 150 and 250 MPa. Granite’s characteristic properties make it highly suitable for structural, decorative and monumental applications. With inherent strength it is popular with architects that require their granite pavers to last for many generations to come.
Granite is resistant to the long-term effects of weathering and aging and it can withstand cold environments. There are natural deposits of granite located throughout the world with granite quarries in production among the major continents. It is in plentiful supply and will be available for a long time.
When highly polished, granite will maintain its brilliant polish for many generations. It is the reason why granite is a popular choice with stonemasons for building monuments and statues. Granite is available in a wide variety of colors. The spectrum of granite color is broad, with tones ranging from white through to black colors. Some colors are rare while others are decorative; making them more valuable than those that comes in common colors.
History of Granite Use
The earliest records of granite use dates back to ancient Egyptian civilizations, 7000-8000 years ago. The Egyptians labored to build the ancient pyramids and created the pharaohs’ sarcophaguses with granite material. To this very day there is a remnant of the ancient Egyptian dynasty in existence called the Luxor obelisk, it is made of pink granite, weighing about 250 tones and stands about 25metres in height. It is located in Paris, France.
The ancient Greeks used granite and marble during their time The ancient Roman civilization is renowned for constructing many granite monuments and temples throughout Europe during their reign, with some of them still in existence today. During the Renaissance era in Europe, there was a great deal of construction carried out using granite stone, such as the St. Michel monastery and abbey in France being made of granite materials. The use of granite pavers is evident during the Renaissance period.