If you have the time, the energy, lots of patience and the determination, why not install the paving stones to the designated area you have chosen. It is a very cost affective process. But remember that the key to a successful installation process is to be well organized in preparation. Have a checklist for the duration of installation from start to finish.
Materials and Equipment Needed
Spade and broom
Tape Measure and a level
Hire a Compactor
Step One: Preparing and Excavation
Adequate preparation is always required. Make sure you have investigated what lies beneath the area first and foremost as some TV and electricity cables may be buried close to the surface. Mark out the area to be excavated. You can use a thin string to guide you or a marker that can mark the grass.
First, you have to excavate the area. You may want to consider hiring a bobcat to do the job. It will be a timeless effort by doing so. You will need to dig at least 4 to 8 inches deep remembering to allow for base material, sand and paving stones.
Step Two: Base Preparation
You will need at least 3 to 4 inches in thickness of base material. The preferred base material for paving stones is crushed stone. Apply the crushed stone at least 3 inches in thickness. Spread it out evenly using a rake or broom then you compact the crushed stone.
Step Three: Applying Sand
Once you have compacted the crushed stone you can apply an inch of sharp edged sand. You will need to compact the sand as well as this will level out the area.
Step Four: Applying Paving Stones
You may commence to set the paving stones on the sand bed in the pattern required. If you have chosen a pattern that features a central focal point, start laying pavers in the center of the area. If the pattern you have chosen is plain and basic you may start at one end of the area and continue to the other side.
Step Five: Fill the Joints
The joints have to be filled with silica sand. Spread the sand evenly all over joints with a broom in a sweeping motion. The sand is what actually interlocks the paving stones for stability. Pavers are made with spacers that allow the sand to go in between the pavers. You must restrain the pavers around the edges of the perimeter to keep in place.
Step Six: Final Compaction
The final stage is to compact the pavers again. A vibrating plate compacter may be used. This process is the last stage ensuring the sand is forced more in between the joints of the pavers.
Step Eight: Hosing Down the Pavers
To clean up, hose down the paving stones with a hand held hose with maximum water flow. You may find a small amount of sand will wash away each time the pavers are hosed down. The amount is insignificant and will not require re sanding. Over time dust and dirt will settle into the joints and will become naturally sealed
Step Nine: Sealing Paving Stones
Allow two to three days for the paving stones to dry. A sealer can then be applied into the pavers. For advice on which type of sealer to use, seek your local specialist for expert advice.
The following are benefits of sealing your paving stones:
Ease of removing stains,
Brings out the color in pavers and color will not fade
Durability – it will harden the sand in the joints and will last longer.
Leeca Stone Co.,Ltd