Summary On Cobblestone
Cobblestones were the original stones that were used as a paving material during the 15th century in many European countries. They were utilized for the purpose of paving straight over dirt roads to provide a cleaner and safer environment for horses, horse carriages, carts and mankind. The typical process of building streets and roads from cobblestones is; cobblestones were collected along from river banks and river beds then they were set in sand and bound together with mortar to create paved streets and roads. The appearance of cobblestone are very similar to pebble stones, which they still have the same characteristics of being round with a smooth edge, but cobblestones are a larger version. The word cobblestone derives from an old English word which means “large lump” which bests describes their round and lumpy appearance.
Cobblestone Great Strength and Durability Values
The biggest benefit to using cobblestone as pavers to cover dirt streets and roads during the 15th century, is because cobblestone were the strongest natural material that was easily attained and available to man as cobblestones were also well known as being exceptionally durable. Another benefit was, they were easy to remove from riverbanks rather than chiseling or carving single pieces from larger blocks of natural stone. Thirdly, they were for free and anyone could collect them for their own purposes.
Original Cobblestone Streets and Roads Still Exist Today
Cobblestones have such tremendous strength values that there are still cobblestone streets and roads that were built centuries ago in European countries and still exist today. One fine example is in France, where sections of cobblestone streets still remain and are special highlights for cycling competitors in the Tour De France cycling race.
There are still many cobblestone streets and roads that exist throughout the world and are untouched because of their historic values and historic characteristics. Older cities in The United States Of America including; Boston, New York, Chicago and Pittsburgh still have older streets and roads that were originally paved with cobblestone in the early 20th century, when horses and carts roamed the streets. Some of the older cobblestone roads and streets have been replaced by asphalt. The interesting fact is in some instances where the roads have been directly covered with asphalt and the asphalt eventually cracks the original cobblestone pavers can be seen underneath.
Original cobblestone streets and roads have so much history about them and that’s what makes them such a special and unique historic landmark. Some original cobblestone streets and cobblestone buildings throughout the world are actually protected by law as they can never be replaced or removed because of the importance they provide in terms of historic landmarks.
Today’s Cobblestone Street
During the early 19th century, the original cobblestone paving material was slowly being replaced by quarried stone such as granite, sandstone and flagstone. For street and road paving applications, natural stones were cut in rectangular shapes, square shapes and in various sizes. For that period of time, the biggest advantage to building streets and roads from natural stone in regular shapes and sizes is the pattern of the paving is set with an even and flat surface for streets and roads. This regular paving pattern created a much smoother ride for carts, horses and carriages. Another advantage of using natural stone pavers for streets and roads in that time is they were less noisy, then cobblestone streets and roads. In the late 20th century, with better quarrying tools , faster quarrying processes and improved equipment, natural stone pavers are fast becoming the more popular paving material for a wide variety of residential and public roads, streets and crossings.
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